Wednesday, August 26, 2020

40 Different Ways to Define What Archaeologists Do

40 Different Ways to Define What Archeologists Do Prehistoric studies has been characterized by numerous individuals from various perspectives since the conventional examination started 150 years prior. Obviously, a portion of the distinctions in those definitions mirror the dynamic idea of the field. On the off chance that you take a gander at theâ history of paleontology, you will see that the investigation has gotten progressively logical after some time, and increasingly centered around human conduct. In any case, for the most part, these definitions are just emotional, reflecting what individuals look like at and feel about prehistoric studies. Archeologists talk from their shifted encounters in the field and in the lab. Non-archeologists talk from their vision of the archaic exploration, as sifted by what archeologists state, and by how mainstream media presents the examination. As I would see it, these definitions are substantial articulations of what antiquarianism is. Characterizing Archeology <img information srcset= 300w, 850w, 1400w, 2500w information src= src=//:0 class=lazyload information click-tracked=true information img-lightbox=true information expand=300 id=mntl-sc-square image_1-0-3 information following container=true /> Archeologists work at the uncovering site of No. 1 pit of the Qin Shihuang Terracotta Warriors and Horses Museum in Lintong District of Xian, Shaanxi Province, China. (August 2009).  China Photos/Getty Images [Archaeology is] the control with the hypothesis and practice for the recuperation of inconspicuous primate personal conduct standards from backhanded follows in awful examples. David Clarke. 1973. Archaic exploration: The Loss of Innocence. Vestige 47:17. Prehistoric studies is the logical investigation of people groups of the past... their way of life and their relationship with their condition. The motivation behind prehistoric studies is to see how people in the past associated with their condition, and to protect this history for present and future learning. Larry J. Zimmerman Paleohistory is a term which can be deciphered in various manners, given the expansive scope of exploration techniques, periods and exercises that can establish antiquarianism and its examination. Suzie Thomas. Network paleohistory. Key Concepts in Public Archeology. Ed. Moshenska, Gabriel. London: UCL Press, 2017. 15. Recorded antiquarianism is something other than a fortune chase. It is a provoking quest for signs to the individuals, occasions, and places of the past. Society for Historical Archeology Paleontology is about experience and revelation, it includes investigations in fascinating spots (close or far) and it is done by burrowing analysts. Ostensibly, in mainstream society, the examination procedure archaic exploration in real life has really been a higher priority than the real examination results themselves. Cornelius Holtorf. Paleohistory Is a Brand! The Meaning of Archeology in Contemporary Popular Culture. London: Routledge, 2016. 45 Prehistoric studies is our method of perusing that message and seeing how these people groups lived. Archeologists take the hints abandoned by the individuals of the past, and, similar to investigators, work to reproduce to what extent prior they lived, what they ate, what their apparatuses and homes resembled, and what was the fate of them. State Historical Society of South Dakota Prehistoric studies is the logical investigation of past societies and the manner in which individuals lived dependent on the things they abandoned. Alabama Archeology Paleohistory isn't a science since it doesn't have any significant bearing any perceived model has no legitimacy: every science considers an alternate subject and in this way utilizes, or could utilize, an alternate model. Merilee Salmon, quote proposed by Andrea Vianello. A Mind-Numbing Job Archeologists have the most psyche desensitizing occupation on earth. Bill Watterson. Calvin and Hobbes, 17 June 2009. All things considered, paleontology is enjoyable. For hell's sake, I dont break the dirt occasionally to reaffirm my status. I do it since prehistoric studies is as yet the best time you can have with your jeans on. Kent V. Flannery. 1982. The brilliant Marshalltown: An anecdote for the prehistoric studies of the 1980s. American Anthropologist 84:265-278. [Archaeology] tries to find how we became individuals invested with brains and spirits before we had figured out how to compose. Grahame Clarke. 1993. A Path to Prehistory. Refered to in Brian Fagans Grahame Clark: An Intellectual Biography of an Archeologist. 2001. Westview Press. Archaic exploration puts every single human culture on an equivalent balance. Brian Fagan. 1996. Prologue to the Oxford Companion to Archeology. Oxford University Press, New York. Archaic exploration is the main part of human sciences where we slaughter our witnesses during the time spent contemplating them. Kent Flannery. 1982. The brilliant Marshalltown: An anecdote for the prehistoric studies of the 1980s. American Anthropologist 84:265-278. The essential issue of utilizing measurements in paleohistory is evaluation, i.e., the decrease of assortments of items to datasets. Clive Orton. Information. A Dictionary of Archeology. Eds. Shaw, Ian and Robert Jameson. Malden, Massachusetts: Blackwell Publishers, 2002. 194. Prehistoric studies resembles life: if youre going to achieve anything you need to figure out how to live with lament, gain from botches, and continue ahead with it. Tom King. 2005. Doing Archeology. Left Coast Press Participating in the Past <img information srcset= chamber castle of-knossos-crete-greece-185757408-5763ee8b3df78c98dc2de899.jpg 300w, chamber royal residence of-knossos-crete-greece-185757408-5763ee8b3df78c98dc2de899.jpg 1190w, chamber royal residence of-knossos-crete-greece-185757408-5763ee8b3df78c98dc2de899.jpg 2080w, chamber royal residence of-knossos-crete-greece-185757408-5763ee8b3df78c98dc2de899.jpg 3863w information src= chamber castle of-knossos-crete-greece-185757408-5763ee8b3df78c98dc2de899.jpg src=//:0 alt=Throne Room, Palace of Knossos, Crete, Greece class=lazyload information click-tracked=true information img-lightbox=true information expand=300 id=mntl-sc-square image_1-0-36 information following container=true /> Royal chamber, Palace of Knossos, Crete, Greece. Ed Freeman/Getty Images The prehistorian participates in, adds to, is approved by, and obediently records present-day social and political structures in the distinguishing proof of exploration issues and in the translation of discoveries. It stays for intelligent, socio-political exploration in prehistoric studies to disentangle the present while we uncover the past, and to recognize the two at whatever point conceivable. Joan Gero. 1985. Socio-governmental issues and the lady at-home belief system. American Antiquity 50(2):347 Paleohistory isn't just the limited group of artefactual proof revealed in unearthings. Or maybe, archaic exploration is the thing that archeologists state about that proof. It is the continuous procedure of talking about the past which is, in itself, a progressing procedure. Recently have we started to understand the multifaceted nature of that talk. ... [T]he order of paleohistory is a site of disputationa dynamic, liquid, multidimensional commitment of voices bearing upon over a wide span of time. John C. McEnroe. 2002. Cretan Questions: Politics and paleohistory 1898-1913. In Labyrinth Revisited: Rethinking Minoan Archeology, Yannis Hamilakis, editorial manager. Oxbow Books, Oxford Open archaic exploration isn't just a matter of working with networks or giving instructive chances. It is about administration and the development of information and the idea of legacy. Lorna-Jane Richardson, and Jaime Almansa-Snchez. Do You Even Know What Public Archeology Is? Patterns, Theory, Practice, Ethics. World Archeology 47.2 (2015): 194-211. Print. [Archaeology] isn't what you find, it’s what you discover. David Hurst Thomas. 1989. Paleohistory. Holt, Rinehart and Winston. second version, page 31. I can comprehend paleohistory being assaulted on the ground of its over the top authenticity, however to assault it as hypercritical is by all accounts especially close to the imprint. Be that as it may, to assault it under any conditions is absurd; one may very well also talk impolitely of the equator. For paleontology, being a science, is neither acceptable nor terrible, however a reality essentially. Its worth relies altogether upon how it is utilized, and just a craftsman can utilize it. We seek the paleologist for the materials, to the craftsman for the technique. For sure, antiquarianism is just extremely magnificent when transfused into some type of workmanship. Oscar Wilde. 1891. The Truth of Masks, Intentions (1891), and page 216 in The Works of Oscar Wilde. 1909. Altered by Jules Barbey dAurevilly, Lamb: London. The Search for Fact <img information srcset=

Saturday, August 22, 2020

Middle Colonies Essays

Center Colonies Essays Center Colonies Essay Center Colonies Essay Exposition Topic: Center School The North American Colonies are separated into three sub states; the sub provinces are the New England Colony, the Middle Colony, and the Southern Colony. The New England Colony comprises of Rhode Island, Connecticut, Massachusetts, and New Hampshire. The Middle Colony comprises of Delaware, Pennsylvania, New York, and New Jersey. The Southern Colony comprises of Maryland, Virginia, North Carolina, South Carolina, and Georgia. The economies that created in these three zones are totally different. The New England Colony economy depended on shipbuilding, angling, stumbling, and little scope resource cultivating. The Middle Colony built up an economy dependent for shipbuilding, little scope cultivating, exchanging, and in the end, producing. The Southern Colony was for the most part dependent on horticulture. The Middle Colony was the most gainful in their financial job in the thirteen provinces as a result of the measure of work created, the sort of work that was done, and the cash produced. The Middle Colony was most gainful in light of the fact that they had the best atmosphere for the various sorts of financial exercises. The New England Colony built up an economy dependent on shipbuilding, angling, blundering, and little scope means cultivating. The common assets of the New England Colony incorporate trees, whales, fish, and hides. Fish and other fish are sent out to Spain, Portugal, and the West Indies through the Columbian Exchange to make enormous benefits. The fish incorporates shellfishes, lobsters, clams, fish, and whales. Whaling additionally makes a major benefit in light of the fact that such huge numbers of parts of the whale are utilized. The long virus winters and poor soil made cultivating troublesome. The great measures of timber supported their own boat building and exchanging. Harbors caused ocean exchange to increment and become an incredible wellspring of riches. The disturbing turn of events and forcefulness of extraordinary industrialists and companies, except if checked, will unavoidably prompt the pauperization and miserable debasement of the worked masses. It is basic, in the event that we want to appreciate the full endowments of life, that a check be set upon low amassing, and the influence for abhor rence of accumulated riches. † The Middle Colony was the most gainful out of each of them three. The Middle Colony created economies dependent for shipbuilding, little scope cultivating, exchanging, and in the long run, producing. The resilience of religion brought about the Middle Colony’s accomplishment as the business focus of the North American Colony. The Middle Colony was otherwise called the bread crate of the thirteen provinces in view of their enormous grain send out. Industrial facilities in Maryland delivered iron and processing plants in Pennsylvania created paper and materials. Exchange with England was ample in these provinces too. Assembling in the Middle Colony included iron metal items like instruments, pots, nails and furrows and tremendous squares of iron to fare to Britain. Additionally fabricating was a major industry; they made-timekeepers, watches’, firearms, locks, material, and caps. Exchange the Middle Colony included sent out agrarian items and regular assets, imported European made merchandise, however never they created triangular exchange courses. The Southern Colony is the least beneficial of all since they don't accomplish the work themselves. Virginia and the other Southern Colony created economies in the eastern beach front swamps dependent on enormous manors that develop â€Å"cash crops†, for example, tobacco, rice, and indigo for fare to Europe through the Atlantic slave exchange. It should promptly to be surrendered that the development of the earthâ€as the essential and most certain wellspring of national supplyâ€as the quick and boss wellspring of means to man†as the chief wellspring of those materials which establish the nutriment of different sorts of laborâ€as including a state generally ideal for the o pportunity and freedom of the human mindâ€one, maybe, generally helpful for the duplication of the human speciesâ€has naturally a solid case to pre-distinction over each other sort of industry. The fundamental component of the South was the manor, a huge plot of land that contained a lot of sections of land of farmland and structures where the individuals lived on, who possessed the land and the individuals who worked the land. After some time the south built up the possibility of servitude and it turned into a key piece of the southern economy. During the seventeenth and eighteenth hundreds of years numerous Negro slaves from Africa were brought toward the South to deal with the manors. The slaves had no privileges of their own. Some Southern Colonies passed laws saying that the Africans could be purchased and sold as slaves. The economy became progressively reliant on bondage and rotated around the southern culture. The financial and social classes turned out to be progressively isolated. What's more, the atmospheres of these three regions played a main consideration in the economy of these provinces. The atmosphere of the New England Colony was colder than the other two arrangement of Colonies since it is the most remote north. The topography of the New England Colony comprises of numerous slopes and rough soil, and took into consideration a few developing seasons and upheld money crops. The incompletely unglaciated Middle Colonies delighted in fruitful soil endlessly unique in relation to the close by New England Colonies, which contained progressively rough soil. Expansive safe streams of loosened up ebb and flow like the Susquehanna River, the Delaware River, and the Hudson River pulled in differing business. The atmosphere in the Middle Colony was generally hotter than the New England Colony, taking into account a more extended developing season. The topography of the Southern Colony is rich soil. The developing season went on for seven or eight months. The numerous conduits along the southern coast framed the tidewater locale. The topography permitted the estate proprietors to deliver a lot of yields, which permitted the proprietors to grow their manors, purchase more slaves, and further increment their riches. My decision is that the Middle Colony was the most profitable of the Colony. The Middle Colony was the most beneficial in their monetary job in the thirteen states due to the measure of work delivered the work that was done and the cash that came in. The Middle Colony was most beneficial in light of the fact that the principle highlight was the enterprises, where everybody had an occupation and worked for large scale manufacturing. The Middle Colony relied upon the individuals and not there captives to develop the land for them. The individuals in the Middle Colony accomplished all the work themselves, and because of the area had numerous points of interest over the New England Colony and the Southern Colony. The 13 American Colonies Part 2: Characteristics of the Colonies. Social Studies for Kids. Web. 17 Mar. 2010. . The 13 American Colonies Part 2: Characteristics of the Colonies. Social Studies for Kids. Web. 6 Mar. 2010. . Alexander Hamilton, Report on Manufactures. History Web Pages. Web. 6 Mar. 2010. . HADC Preamble and Declaration of Principles of the Knights of Labor of America. Chicago History Museum |. Web. 6 Mar. 2010. . Life in Middle Colonies. East Buchanan Community Schools. Web. 6 Mar. 2010. . Center and Southern Colonies, Slavery in the Southern Colonies, Map of the Southern Colonies, New England Middle and Southern Colonies, Maps of the Southern Colonies, Geography of the Southern Colonies, So uthern Colonies Climate, Southern Colonies Economy, American Southern Colonies,

Sunday, August 16, 2020

There Goes My Baby

There Goes My Baby As it says in my introduction, I used to sing in the MIT Logarhythms  (an all-male a cappella group), and still keep up with the group as a logalum. Recently, they released their first music video, promoting the first single off their new upcoming album (to be released in October). A pretty cool video, I think, especially considering they filmed/directed/edited/produced the entire thing themselves, and did it all in 2 weeks from concept to finished product.  I might also add that all the indoor shots were done inside the recording studio at MIT which I helped build (from scratch!) back when I was in the group. Yes, Im a proud Log papa. :) It definitely goes to show that MIT students are all about making things happen. Its much more about participation than spectatorship; people like to do, rather than  watch. At MIT, you wont see a lot of people who just sit on their hands and let life happen to them theyre going to want to go out and start something new, create something from scratch, make it go faster, better, stronger Here, you can see entrepreneurship, creativity, art, and technology all coming together in harmony MIT students at their finest. The song is There Goes My Baby originally by Usher; solo by Edan Krowlewicz 12; arrangement by Ben Lee 11. Video filmed, directed, and edited by Luke Plummer 14, Zach Tomlinson 13, and Eddie Kim 13, with several other Logs contributing. I should also mention the audio is all a cappella sung by the Logs, and was recorded and edited by Steve Salinas 12, Mike Miller 09, and Ben Bloomberg 11, and mixed by Mike Miller 09 and James Gammon. (Warning: this song will get stuck in your headbut its a good one!) To find out more about the Logs, you can connect with them on the web,  Facebook, and Twitter. Edit: some minor changes and updated credits. Post Tagged #MIT Logarythms

Sunday, May 24, 2020

Strategic And Long Term Planning - 1068 Words

The goal of strategic and long term planning is to help the companies in building marketing objectives and to create a better vision for the business to build and prosper. An extensive plan should be concrete as well as flexible to serve as a framework to identify issues, evaluate them, plan change of management and implement them. It is also equally prudent to collaborate and gather stakeholders to analyze what is going wrong in the system and move forward into fixing them. The formulation of strategic plan must also show the motives, guidelines, and procedures for the company executives to move along with the company’s goals, objectives, and rules into a collated document. The establishment of a project/plan also needs much research,†¦show more content†¦The initial amount of $200,000 has been collected through shareholders while other remaining amount is to be available from loans through Bank of Aus Ltd. Elleso’s vision: Elleso’s coffee is making the best chance of creating a relaxing ambience place where consumers can meet and greet with themselves in a very comfortable and relaxing environment while enjoying the best brewed coffee or espresso and pastries around the area. We are in the business of giving our customers the best possible service to have a relaxing time and relieve their daily stresses by giving them a piece of mind through great coffee, open location, excellent customer service, and products of consistently high quality. Elleso coffee is also planning to invest the profits from sales to drive staff satisfaction. Key performance indicators (KPI) The main critical success factors for the coffee shop can be attributed to store design/ environment that are set up to be visually and psychologically attractive and relaxing to the customers. It is also set up for quick and efficient business. The other important factor is the employee training to insure there is best coffee taste and they are prepared with great mechanics. The other marketing way is aimed to make a good foundation of base of loyal people, as well as capitalizing on the market by providing high quality products, such as variety in the coffee beverages. Organizational mission/objectives:Show MoreRelatedStrategic Planning : Strategic And Tactical Planning874 Words   |  4 Pagesgoals is through planning. Every plan needs to operate like a map to success. Strategic and tactical planning, when used correctly, represent planning models that can lead companies forward toward the vision of their leaders, and the attainment of the goals those leaders have developed. Strategic and tactical planning work together. Strategic planning focuses on the big picture, and tactical planning supports that big picture by focusing on various items within it. Strategic Planning Once a leaderRead MoreThe Quaker Oats Company1380 Words   |  6 PagesEXECUTIVE SUMMARY A strategic plan has financial and other implications over the next several years of implementing the company strategies. And strategies come in different forms and magnitudes. Since strategic plans covers a relatively long range of period, difficulties in maintaining the organization’s effort to keeping the strategic plan arise. The Quaker Oats Company began long range planning in fiscal 1965. The plans created that year and annually thereafter were primarily numbers-orientedRead MoreStrategic Planning : Strategic And Operational Planning889 Words   |  4 Pagesspecific plans. The two major types of planning used by organizations to achieve goals are strategic and operational planning. Goal setting is imperative to organizational growth, but without planning those goals may not be attainable. 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Strategic planning analyzes the business plan, potential blockage or other issues in the currentRead MoreImportance of Strategic Planning1247 Words   |  5 PagesImportance of Strategic Planning Strategic planning has a focus on stabilizing the current environment, and it also support the organization s business plans and goals. Strategic planning helps to implement new projects, new technology, consolidation of data centers, data warehouses, exponential data growth, cost of ownership, and resources available in an organization to assess the future requirements. Strategic planning analyzes the business plan, potential blockage or other issues in the currentRead MoreStrategic Planning And Operational Planning903 Words   |  4 PagesIn business planning there are two types of plans to consider. Strategic planning and operational planning. 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Generally, strategic planning deals with at least one of three key questions:Read MoreStrategic Planning Within Ge927 Words   |  4 PagesThe strategic planning process is the formulation of the company’s major objectives and execution plans. This process is of particular interest in GE. Strategy formulation is the process of choosing the best methods for a company where customer needs; competitive position and internal capability are the three factors that play the main role in strategic planning. Every manager needs to have at least a simple notion of strategic planning to formulate his strategic plans. Strategic Planning is a wideRead MoreLeadership Strategies For A Leader1116 Words   |  5 Pages There are two different types of planning that can be used in the process of setting goals. They are similar in the sense that they both align and unify efforts. However, they are quite different in their scope of influence and they are utilized at different times during the process. Strategic planning is the first type. It is very broad in its scope and focuses on the long term direction of the entire organization (Simerson, 2011, p. 3). This type of planning may include outlines for 15 to 20 yearsRead MoreThe Need For Planning. Every Company Has Some Sort Of Goal910 Words   |  4 PagesNeed for Planning Every company has some sort of goal or target that want to accomplish. In order to accomplish them, they most plan. When planning make sure facts are being gathered so that the approach is based on reality and not fantasy. What a lot of people don’t’ realize is that without planning, companies have no direction and aren’t able to bring about results as planned. So for organizations to accomplish their objectives, they must chart out a course of action by using planning techniques

Wednesday, May 13, 2020

Enhancing Drugs And Its Impact On Academic Integrity...

Finally, students who use unprescribed Adderall have an unfair advantage over others and should be put into effect into academic integrity statements at colleges. In sports the use of performance-enhancing drugs is considered cheating and is a universally accepted rule. The Tour de France is a bicycle race that tests bikers’ abilities to bike around France without any outside help. Lance Armstrong was stripped of his seven titles of the Tour de France when he admitted to using performance-enhancing drugs. Similar reasoning should be applied to using neuro-enhancing drugs illicitly in college. The illicit use of Adderall has a negative affect not only on the user, but the academic community that they are in. A student who does not use Adderall may not gain admission into college because there are a finite amount of spaces and a user of unprescribed Adderall got in (Varga, 2012). Abusers of Adderall can also skew the percentages of â€Å"the ranking system of some standardized tests (e.g., LSAT)† (Varga, 2012). The increase in standards puts many students at a disadvantage who do not participate in the illegal use of Adderall. The higher standards and expectations are for students the more students are put at a disadvantage. Higher expectations put students under more and more pressure, which could lead them to feel as though they need Adderall to keep up. Many individuals who are personally prescribed Adderall consider taking the drug without a prescription as cheating since theyShow MoreRelated Drug Testing is Not a Violation of Individual Rights Essay2669 Words   |  11 Pagesmillions of dollars due to employee drug use. Athletes break world records with gargantuan strength, but not on a fair scale. Drugs ruin the lives of users and cause injury to those who must work with users. Detection by officials is necessary to curb this problem. 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Wednesday, May 6, 2020

Reflection Paper on Anthem (by Ayn Rand) Free Essays

string(100) " reflect on how not all people are alike \(which was the point of the whole story: Individualism\)\." University of the Philippines Diliman Extension Program in Pampanga Clark Freeport Zone, Angeles City, Pampanga Reflection Paper Anthem by: Ayn Rand Jemima Micah T. Sadsad 2012-20252 BS Business Management Submitted to: Sir Aoux Santos It’s a sin to not write this. For finishing this will allow me to acquire one fourth of my grade on the most-anticipated subject—A subject that is hard, yet easy; A subject able to be both loved and despised; A subject whose aim is to know thy self, yet, when thoroughly studied, you would end up losing what you think is yours. We will write a custom essay sample on Reflection Paper on Anthem (by Ayn Rand) or any similar topic only for you Order Now This subject I am babbling about is not just a subject; It is the subject: Philosophy. ~ Well, at first look, this is how I comprehended the novella â€Å"Anthem†. Simple message relayed through tough words, when really that’s not the point of it. Anthem is about a boy who was born with the curse of knowing things more superior than most of his society—a society that does not accept progress unless approved by everyone. This boy then meets a girl with qualities like her, and later falls in love with her. Even though their society forbids a love like theirs, they didn’t mind and kept it a secret. He tried to help their society through his discoveries, though ended up escaping it, and trying to create a new one of his own. It has a typical story line with a dystopian theme. Aside from that there’s nothing really more from it. Or is there? *** *** Having read the book again (while trying hard to read between the lines; picking up every lesson I could make use of), I have reflected on a few new things which I did not find during my first read. I have reflected on individuals present in the story and how they relate to me, the society howed in â€Å"Anthem† and how it could be reflected to my country, and my general motion and conclusion on what the story is all about. One very prominent element that I could reflect on are the main characters in the story. The main characters present in the story are Equality 7-2521 and Liberty 5-3000. Equality 7-2521 (also known as â€Å"The Unconquered† or â€Å"Prometheus†) – The main character is a brave, cu rious, strong, and intelligent street sweeper who thinks of himself as cursed. He knows that he is cursed, yet knows not how to resist it. He believes in individualism and rejects the collectivist society around him. Learning was too easy for him because of his quick head. He asks too many questions that his teachers forbade him from asking. â€Å"He only wishes to know. Equality 7-2521 represents the superiority of a singular intellect to the homogeneity of the masses, who cannot think for themselves—the society of shapeless people who are indistinguishable from one another. At first read, I thought to myself, he (Equality) is too self-centered, thinking that he is far superior than his society, and that his only flaw is the society’s disapproval of him. Also, I don’t like how he came up with his conclusion of his ego being the center of his universe (though, I’m not saying that the conclusion is wrong). It’s just so unthinkable how without knowing what the word â€Å"I† really means, he suddenly knows what it is and how to use it. On the other hand, I like how his curiosity always gets the better of him. I like how he is eager to know and discover things even though he knows that it is forbidden to do so. I love how Equality 7-2521 takes risks to justify his thirst of knowing more. These character traits of Equality 702521 made me reflect more on the adventures of learning, rather than the concept of individualism. I like how his quest full of myriad mischief turned out to be an amazing discovery of the light bulb (which for me symbolizes progress and/or change). I love how he soon realizes that his learning is not really for the society, but rather for him and him alone. One thing I also admire about Equality 7-2521 is his love for Liberty 5-3000, that even though it is forbidden, they still chose to continue their love. Selfish indeed, but selfishness is not always a bad thing. Another main character on the book that I have reflected on is Liberty 5-3000 (also known as â€Å"The Golden One† or â€Å"Gaea†) – This character is a peasant that has eyes with no signs of fear in it, whom Equality 7-25521 falls in love with. She is Beautiful, proud, and strong like Equality 7-2521. She loves Equality 7-2521 because he is different from everyone around him. And Equality 7-2521 loves her back for the same reason. For me, Liberty 5-3000 is a little bit too submissive. Her mix of independent pride and devoted submission to Equality 7-2521 seems contradictory. Prometheus’ universe may have his own ego as its center, but for Liberty 5-3000? I don’t think so. Liberty 5-3000’s character is a perfect counter-example of Ayn Rand’s main thought of: â€Å"I is my god†. Gaea is more of a: â€Å"Equality 7-2521 is my god†. (Liberty 5300 to Equality 7-2521: â€Å"Your will be done†¦Ã¢â‚¬ ). Although I hate how she submits herself too much to Equality 7-2521, I like her for standing out of the crowd. I like how fierce she can be trying to put what she loves first before what others dictate her to. I also like her show of courage by following the one she loves even though it might place her in great danger. However, I think the author somehow just took a shot of presenting a true epitome of a perfect woman with great courage and confidence, but only with the weakness of her beloved. Unfortunately, Ayn Rand failed trying, for instead she just created a weak and submissive leading lady. Gaea apparently became just an object of Prometheus’ with no say on things at all. These two main characters made me reflect on how not all people are alike (which was the point of the whole story: Individualism). You read "Reflection Paper on Anthem (by Ayn Rand)" in category "Papers" Not everyone is as strong or as smart as Prometheus. Neither are they all of beauty and devotion as Liberty 5-3000. The story also made me reflect on the concept of solitude, and how not all people find happiness in solitude. In fact, even in the story itself, Equality 7-2521 is not alone, for he finds happiness in the presence of Liberty 5-3000. Absolute solitude is inconceivable. Different people have different purposes. They might find their purposes with others, or they might find their purposes of for themselves alone. And even if they find their purposes for themselves, still, it will influence their society, because one cannot live without another. No man is an island. As for me, I find happiness in having loved ones beside me; I’m not saying that I let them think for me though. I am currently a conformist and non-conformist. I am a conformist in that I conform to my God and with His teachings. A non-conformist in that, like Liberty, I submit myself to my beliefs and resist things of its opposite (although at times, they may overlap with each other). I conform to my God, and so try not to conform to the world. I conform to my government, yet reject on them trying to take over me. I succumb to, yet I resist. Also, I could consider myself to have hints of Equality 7-2521 in my personality. I love learning as much as I love taking risks. I remember the story of my 4 yr old self. My mom used to tell this story every time she remembers it and every single time we would laugh at it. So here’s how it goes: It was an ordinary day, we were travelling by a car. My mom was driving and her sister (my aunt) was in the front seat. I, my 2 sisters, and my cousin were at the back seat. I was the closest to the door handle, and that was when the inner curiosity of me sparked! â€Å"Now, what is this thing for? † and voila, I was playing with the car door handle and suddenly I found myself rolling on the ground of an uphill highway. While the action was happening, my mom and aunt were also caught in an intense activity: Gossiping. Yup, they were there chit-chatting while I was outside, rip rolling. Since my two sisters and my cousin saw my fall, they panicked and then started shouting, â€Å"Ma! Si Ima, nahulog! †, but since my mom’s activity was more interesting than mine, they had to shut the kids up, â€Å"Kids, quiet! †. Then my sisters started crying. That’s when my mom and aunt started to notice my absence. And at last, they panicked too. They went chasing for me, trying to save me from the rushing cars. But wait! They forgot to turn on the brakes! Oh no, our car is sliding down the hill! What to do? Oh my— ~ Well, I’m here now so you know I was saved. It was a very long day, indeed. One day my mom would never ever forget. But hey, I learned. (I now know what that ‘thing’ is for! And I now know when to and when not to use those car locks, thank you. ) Anyway, I find myself having a little bit of Equality 7-2521 also because I often find pride in things I know I have done well in. Passing the UPCAT is one of the perfect examples. Having my family congratulate me, I find pride in myself. I know that I have done well, and I know that I could do more, and so the learning continues. Moving on from the main characters, another prominent concept in the novella was the society. The society presented on Anthem is so wrong. The people there are under so much fear and are dehumanized. Their society promotes absolute collectivism where they are all one and one is all. They accept few, if not none at all, changes. Everyone is of equal importance as everyone. Freedom of speech is cut off. Men can’t speak to women, they were not able to show their emotions to them, and they can’t even have houses of their own! Though it could be classified as a utopian society on other perspectives, description from Equality 7-2521 made it totally a dystopian society. â€Å"We are nothing. Mankind is all. By the grace of our brothers are we allowed our lives. We exist through, by, and for our brothers who are the state. Amen. † –Palace of the World Council Their society reminded me of how North Korea is today. Although I may not know what their actual situation is at the moment, description from the media around the world truly rings the bell. It brings fear deep down my bones. Society of no social stratification, no freedom of speech, everything and nothing is owned by everyone and no one. A society completely isolated from the rest of the world, North Korea could well focus on itself and not worry on how other countries are doing, and since they focus on themselves, no one would be left starving, everybody will be of equal rights with everyone. I think this is what North Korea claims itself to be though I’m pretty sure ‘country without social stratification’ is pretty far from what they are now. The government and society in Anthem also made me think of the government and the society of our own country. As for the Philippines, I don’t think the concept of Anthem’s society might be applicable because of the fact that freedom of speech is already presented and is of practice today in the Philippines. Also, the presence of a free and nationwide media in our country made it more liberal than that of Anthem’s. The fact that Philippines is a democracy, too, can be of great evidence that our country is not with the like of that of Anthem’s. Everyone of the right mind is free to vote and free to speak. Take this reflection paper for example; I have every right to say what I want to, though I know I would suffer the consequences of my actions. Everyone is allowed to think otherwise. Everyone has the right to choose for themselves what their â€Å"rights† and â€Å"wrongs† are. Men are allowed to merry another and have kids of their own. Families are able to build houses they can live in and start a new life. Filipinos, along with other people of other countries, could study whenever they want to and work whenever as long as time and money permits. They have the free will of choosing their school, acquiring their jobs, and retiring after they do. Everyone is allowed to choose their religion. Everyone is allowed to love without being asked why. Chickens could cross the street without their motives being questioned. However, I may not completely forget the fact that, somehow, there might be some resemblances from Anthem’s society with the Philippines’. â€Å"The Home of the Useless†, â€Å"The Palace of Corrective Detention†, â€Å"The Palace of Mating†, â€Å"The Home of the Students†Ã¢â‚¬â€ All of which symbolizes branches of our system, though might be different in intensity than Anthem’s. Also, the home of the scholars could be of comparison with our senate system. We could be compared to them in terms of progress and how slow our system could be. Although I know that we are still on the verge of growing and improving more, I have not lost my hopes for the Philippines. As for whether or not this society is possible on earth in the future, I don’t think so. I don’t think such absolute collectivism/communism is possible to be achieved. I believe that in achieving this society, first we’ll be in need of restarting; restarting everything from Adam and Eve. No one should know anything. Every book must be burned and every data on the internet must be erased. The whole world should go back to zero, or else absolute collectivism (like with the story Anthem) would be inconceivable. ———————————————— ————————————————- Anthem, in general, taught me how collectivism could be of destruction to a soci ety. I reflected on few things about concepts such as collectivism, individualism, finding your true self, and finding your true purpose. I have made use of my new learnings about these things, and I know that would use them at one point in my life where I could be searching for answers on whether or not, why or why nots. These concepts could be of new references that I know I could consider whenever I am learning. ———————————————— ————————————————- I have a general feel of gloom and depression through-out the story. With how Equality 7-2521 dictates his society to us, I felt sorry for him and also for the society. In a nutshell, I liked the story. I enjoyed it and have reflected a lot of things from it. Although, what I did not like about the book was not the st ory but the author’s philosophy itself. By the end of the novella, Equality 7-2521 and Liberty 5-3000 have run away from their society to discover their own truth and start a new society of their own. This truth leads to self-worshipping and calling themselves gods, and further stating that they have no obligation to other men. I have to strongly disagree with this idea. I am sorry to say Ayn Rand started with a great idea of individualism and ended in a train wreck of selfish isolation. *I would like to recommend this book to anyone who would want to reflect and re-evaluate their existences on certain aspects. This book presented a different outlook of the concept â€Å"I†, which you could reflect on greatly. Though, I’m not saying that this is the best book possible, it is still worth the read. How to cite Reflection Paper on Anthem (by Ayn Rand), Papers

Monday, May 4, 2020

Responses To Overcoming Resistance To Change-Myassignmenthelp.Com

Question: Discuss About The Organizational Culture And Responses To Overcoming Resistance To Change? Answer: Introducation Organizational culture comprises an organization's assumptions, experiences, thoughts, and values that grasp it jointly, and is conveyed in its self-esteem, internal workings, companionship with the external world and succeeding expectations (Alvesson Sveningsson, 2015). It is established on the split attitudes, opinions, customs, and recorded and unrecorded regulations that have been evolved over time and are contemplate valid.However, it influences the organization's work rate and performance, and dispenses recommendation on customer care and assistance, quality of the product and protection, presence and punctuality, and responsibility for the environment (Alvesson, 2012). To banish the resistance to change in an organization one can construct the team to make the best use of their potentials, challenging, achievable and appealing target must be must for the employees, conflicts must be solved faster, innovations and creativity must be entitled along with being positive and supportive. This report deals with the literature review of the chosen topic Organizational culture and responses to overcoming resistance to change. The appeal for the theory of Organizational Culture has been far, developing by a theory of heuristic. In an example, it has formulated exploration inspecting Muslim employees by Alkhazraji (1997), law imposition officers by Frewin and Tuffin (1998), and pregnant workers by Halpert and Burg (1997). Yet more pertinent is in leading education, the theories have been utilized to investigate the tales of undergraduate students and their insights of "fitting in" at a university or college done by Kramer and Berman (2001). The attitude is also functional as much of the guidance from the theory like the symbols, stories, and rituals has straight relevance to numerous dissimilar kinds of organizations and their workers. Since the theoretician work is built on actual organizations with authentic workers, the researcher worker have frame the hypothesis further functional and empirical. Finally, the theory of Organizational Culture might vision organizational existence as over distinctive. Paca nowsky and O'Donnell-Trujillo assert that cultures in an organization vary as the interactions inside the cultures diverge, so generality about existence in an organization, which is almost unmanageable (Shafritz, Ott Jang, 2015). The change in organizational structure and culture is unavoidable because of the continual development in the technology, customers, market, pressures from both social and political forums as well as the characteristics of the demography. Resistance to change is a psychological and physiological response by the influenced workers to authentic or imagined dangers to an accepted work routine (Cummings Worley, 2014).Various researches have been done on this particular area of Organizational culture and responses to overcoming resistance to change. However, few are discussed in this section. In a research article by Lozano(2013), the article named Are Companies planning their Organizational Changes for Corporate Sustainability? An Analysis of Three Case Studies on Resistance to Change and their Strategies to overcome it, he stated here that corporations and leaders are growingly acknowledgingtheir roles in building society further sustainable. His article examines the efforts of organizational change for corporate sustainability (CS) taking three case studies. In the result, it was established that CS operator catalyze alter against being the unsustainable status quo (SQ) regarding further sustainable affairs. Obstacle to adjust normally checks these attempts. In another article of Hon, Bloom and Crant (2014), named Overcoming Resistance to Change and Enhancing Creative Performance, in the study the researcher tried to grow and experiment a cross level model of independent creativity, combining resistance to change and three human resource surrounding components to abate the relationships of the individuals. The researcher studies the capabilities of three discourse components that are essential parts of the procedure of creativity, they are styles of leadership, modernity climate, and the coworkers attributes for assisting managers conquer this dispute. The outcome suggests those three surrounding variables decrease the contrary relationship betwixt resistance to change and creativity. The marking of the outcome signify that controlling the human resource applications may alleviate damaging results of resistance to change on creativity. Battilana and Casciaro (2013), in their study named Overcoming Resistance to Organizational Change: Strong Ties and Affective Cooptation the researcher puts an emphasis on relational hypothesis of how altered agents in a company utilize the power of ties in there system to beat the resistance to change. It further argued that powerful binds of potentially authoritative company members who are uncertain about a change.With additional different modifies the benefits of powerful bind to resistors resulting to the modification agent are feeble, and may revolve into responsibilities that lessen the probability of change in assumption. The data analysis from the case studies in the United Kingdom further encourages these forecasts and precedes a relative outlook of organizational change in which social networking function as device of political impact across emotive mechanism. In a journal of Organizational change management, the article named A theoretical framework of Organizational change by Jacobs, Witteloostuijn and Christe-Zeyse(2013). They proposed that organizational change is a high-risk attempt. Majority of the change capabilities fall short on their aims, make big opportunity, and technique cost. In this paper, the authors viewed to evolve a structure providing a theoretical toolbox to examine context-dependent obstacles as well as facilitators of modifications in organization. Findings of this study further suggest that change in organization is dangerous and versatile than change founders generally assumes. It is emphasized that outermost habitat and the inner dynamics of organizations co-determine the definition of managerial executions. Organizational culture, innovation, and performance: A test of Schein's model by Hogan and Coote(2014), stated that innovation is the essential for survival in organization and hence the research of procedures that help innovation must be interesting to researchers and practitioners. Schein's model of multi-layeredfor culture in organization provides a useful structure for reasoning about procedures that encourage innovation. The fundamental supposition for this research is that Schein's model provides a controllable clarification of cultural procedures, which brace innovations in organization, mainly in service business. The result however signifies that how coatings of organizational culture, especially norms, relics, and original conducts, partly arbitrate the results of ethics that assist innovation on assessment of business performance. The results have suggestions for both theory and practice, mostly in association to constructing an organizational culture inside professional s ervice business that encourages novel conduct. Mills(2017), in studying the Gendering of Organizational Culture over Time: Concerns, Issues, and Strategies emphasized on the issues of scrutinizing the culture of organizations by the time, starting a manifestation of how the social establishment of corporate history has till today added itself to gendered beliefs of applications in the business. This research further contours a feminist policy for the evaluation of the culture of the organization. In another article named Authentic leadership and organizational culture as drivers of employees job satisfaction by Azanza, Moriano and Molero(2013), stated that in recent times of competitive economy a great value is provided by the support and innovation from the advancement of a pliability oriented organizational culture. The result of this study stated that genuine leadership partly arbitrates the favorable relationship among the pliability-oriented cultures in organizations and job satisfaction of the employees. These results promo te theory on the combination of cultures in organizations in genuine leadership research and supply suggestions for improvising the job satisfaction of the employees. Lastly, according to the study of Courpasson, Dany and Clegg (2012), in their article Resisters at Work: Generating Productive Resistance in the Workplace acknowledged the transformative aspects of resistance in the organization. Further resistance is however viewed as an adversarial and hostile activity that administration can undertake or dismiss. Thus, apprehending how resistance can literally effect workplace alterations can stay challenging for research. This paper offers an inspection of two conditions of resistance in which resisters, systematized in interim enclaves, able to effect top administrative decisions and create ultimate change. Whether resistance becomes fruitful or not it rely on the skilled efforts of resisters and the formation of strong objects of resistance which authorize resisters to adapt shortly the potential layout of a condition and constrain topmost management to attend to their requests and indulge to the recent layouts. It further states that resistanc e could better described by what resisters does to attain their ends preferably than by perceiving resistance as a firm opposition linking irreconcilable adversaries. To conclude the essay it can be said that organizational culture is mainly the assumptions, beliefs, thoughts, and values that are jointly griped, and is transported in its self-confidence, inner workings and its relation with the external world and succeeding expectations. However, it enhances the productivity and performance of the employees.Due to the continuous developments, changes in organizational structure and culture is becoming unavoidable. The chosen topic is Organizational culture and responses to overcoming resistance to change have various different researches among which few are stated here as reviewing the literature. The majority of the works are found based on the resistance of change in different organizational cultures and few about the effects that the cultures in organizations are facing. The theory of organizational culture states that it is developing in a theory of heuristics. This organizational culture has a powerful effect on the staffs of the company, whi ch reflects on how they dress, behave and perform their tasks. References Alvesson, M. (2012).Understanding organizational culture.Sage. Alvesson, M., Sveningsson, S. (2015).Changing organizational culture: Cultural change work in progress.Routledge. Azanza, G., Moriano, J. A., Molero, F. (2013). Authentic leadership and organizational culture as drivers of employees job satisfaction.Revista de PsicologadelTrabajo y de lasOrganizaciones,29(2), 45-50. Battilana, J., Casciaro, T. (2013).Overcoming resistance to organizational change: Strong ties and affective cooptation.Management Science,59(4), 819-836. Courpasson, D., Dany, F., Clegg, S. (2012). Resisters at work: Generating productive resistance in the workplace.Organization Science,23(3), 801-819. Cummings, T. G., Worley, C. G. (2014).Organization development and change.Cengage learning. Hogan, S. J., Coote, L. V. (2014).Organizational culture, innovation, and performance: A test of Schein's model.Journal of Business Research,67(8), 1609-1621. Hon, A. H., Bloom, M., Crant, J. M. (2014). Overcoming resistance to change and enhancing creative performance.Journal of Management,40(3), 919-941. Jacobs, G., van Witteloostuijn, A., Christe-Zeyse, J. (2013).A theoretical framework of organizational change.Journal of Organizational Change Management,26(5), 772-792. Lozano, R. (2013). Are companies planning their organisational changes for corporate sustainability? An analysis of three case studies on resistance to change and their strategies to overcome it.Corporate Social Responsibility and Environmental Management,20(5), 275-295. Mills, A. J. (2017). Studying the Gendering of Organizational Culture over Time: Concerns, Issues, and Strategies?.InInsights and Research on the Study of Gender and Intersectionality in International Airline Cultures(pp. 71-91). Emerald Publishing Limited. Shafritz, J. M., Ott, J. S., Jang, Y. S. (2015).Classics of organization theory.Cengage Learning.